Invisible numbers: the true extent of noncommunicable diseases - WHO report

Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs )cause 74% of all deaths

What are noncommunicable diseases?

The four major NCDs – cardiovascular diseases (heart disease and stroke), cancer, diabetes and chronic respiratory diseases – along with mental health, account for a very high proportion of deaths and ill health.

What is a “4 x 4 NCD agenda”?

In 2011 United Nations General Assembly on the Prevention and Control of NCDs, officially focused global action on four major diseases and four main risk factors.

“5 x 5 NCD agenda”

In 2018, a subsequent UN High-level Meeting broadened this scope to include mental health conditions and air pollution.

Invisible numbers The true extent of noncommunicable diseases and what to do about them

Almost 3/4 of all deaths in the world are from an NCD

Every 2 seconds someone aged under 70 - 2 dies of an NCD

Whatever age you are, the chance of dying from an NCD is higher if you live in a lower-income country than if you live in a higher-income country

Why do noncommunicable diseases matter?

NCDs are an enormous drain on global and national economies – according to one estimate, they will cost US$ 30 trillion in the years 2011 to 2030

NCDs are at the heart of the Sustainable Development Goal.

In 2022, only a handful of countries were on track to meet the SDG target on reducing early deaths from NCDs by a third by 2030