What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a condition that is persistent above normal high blood sugar levels.
Normally hormone Insulin moves sugar/glucose obtained from food we eat in cells to produce energy.

Diabetes is a chronic medical condition in which the body is unable to properly regulate blood sugar levels. This can occur as a result of the pancreas not producing enough insulin (Type 1 Diabetes) or the body not responding properly to insulin (Type 2 Diabetes). Symptoms can include increased thirst, frequent urination, and fatigue, and if left untreated, diabetes can lead to serious complications such as heart disease, nerve damage, and kidney damage.

Diabetes occurs when the organ Pancreas produces less insulin or the body does not use produced insulin effectively leading to high blood sugar.

High Blood Sugar above the normal range leads to complications pertaining to the Heart, Eyes, Kidneys, Nerves, and Other Organs.

What are types of Diabetes.

  1. Prediabetes
  2. Type-1 Diabetes.
  3. Type-2 Diabetes.
  4. Gestational Diabetes.

There are three main types:

  1. Type 1 Diabetes: This type of diabetes is caused by an autoimmune disorder that destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. It is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, and requires daily insulin injections for survival.
  2. Type 2 Diabetes: This type of diabetes is caused by the body’s inability to properly use insulin. It is typically diagnosed in adults and is often linked to obesity and a sedentary lifestyle. Type 2 diabetes can often be controlled through diet and exercise, but some individuals may also require oral medications or insulin injections.
  3. Gestational Diabetes: This type of diabetes occurs during pregnancy and usually resolves after giving birth. However, women who have had gestational diabetes have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.

Additionally, there are some other rare types of diabetes like MODY (Maturity Onset Diabetes of the Young) which is caused by genetic defects that affect insulin production and LADA (Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults), which is considered as a slow progressing form of type 1 diabetes.

Almost all types of diabetes have some risk factors and symptoms but its frequency and severity differ individually.

Symptoms in Prediabetes and Type-2 Diabetes may not be visible in the early stages but in Type-2 Diabetes they may be more pronounced and severe.

The following are common Symptoms:

  • Feeling thirsty
  • Feeling hungry
  • Frequent urination
  • Feeling frequently tired.
  • Blurred vision
  • Sores take longer to heal
  • Increased Ketone levels.
Diabetes: What you must know about it

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